General surgery is the specialty that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of surgical conditions of the abdomen as well as other surgical conditions that are the subject of other specialties, which require special techniques such as trauma, vascular, genital, urological, thoracic, endocrine, neurosurgical, surgery. oncological etc.
Neurosurgery, plastic surgery, pediatric surgery, thoracic surgery, cardiac surgery, vascular surgery, transplantology, traumatology, orthopedics, maxillofacial surgery, oncological surgery, otorhinolaryngology, anesthesia and urology, which are now disciplines, have emerged from general surgery. separate.
There are also differentiations in terms of the technique used:
invasive surgery: classic surgery with cuts to the body
minimally invasive (laparoscopic) surgery: intervention with small incisions, the area is treated with an endoscope.